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1960 münchen insolvent

1960 münchen insolvent

Juli München gewinnt sein erstes Spiel in der Regionalliga. vor der Insolvenz gerettet, der jordanische Investor Hasan Ismaik ist weiterhin. Jan. München führt ein Leben am Rande der Insolvenz. Ohne das Geld eines Investors aus Jordanien wäre längst Schluss. Der hat gerade. Juli Anfang Juni hat Hasan Ismaik Fußball-Zweitligist München vor der Pleite Mehrmals drohte den Löwen in diesem Jahr die Insolvenz.

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Neither impressed during a season that saw EV Füssen defend its title, the last club to do so until At the end of the season, FC Bayern was relegated and soon disbanded its ice hockey department.

The modus however had been changed again, all teams played a home-and-away round in a single division, 22 games each. At the end of this, the best eight teams played another home-and-away round against each other.

The championship was won for the first time by the EV Landshut, while Cologne and Frankfurt were relegated. The —71 saw the league reduced to ten teams but the number of season games remaining at 36 per club.

Because of this, the league did not have a new club in it and ended with the familiar result of EV Füssen taking out another championship.

In this season, the league also introduced the Friday-Sunday rhythm of games, with a team playing one home and one away game per weekend, a system that would remain in place for the duration of the league and beyond.

Consequently, no club had to fear relegation while the Düsseldorfer EG, the best supported club in Germany with a spectator average of almost 10, per home game, took out the championship while EV Füssen came second.

It was to be the last-ever title for the club from Füssen and marked the end of the Bavarian dominance, with championships going to the state now becoming as rare as they had been commonplace.

The league modus experienced another change when, instead of ten clubs the league was expanded to eleven, courtesy to the promotion of both Berliner SC and EV Rosenheim.

The later was found to be uncompetitive in the league however, only accumulating twelve points in 40 season games and being relegated again.

It was also the last season of the Oberliga as the second division, the 2nd Bundesliga being introduced in After a year wait, the Berliner SC won another championship in —74 in a league which had returned to ten clubs and 36 season games.

The —75 seasons saw a continuation of the south-north shift of German ice hockey, with the financially strong northern clubs recruiting a large number of players from the southern ones.

Consequently, spectator numbers for the Bavarian clubs like Riessersee, Bad Tölz and Füssen went down, making it even more difficult to retain their young players.

In the north, another championship was won by the well-supported DEG, with Berlin coming second. At the bottom end, Kaufbeuren was replaced by Rosenheim for the next season.

The league modus unchanged in —76, the Berliner SC won its second post-war title in convincing fashion while, at the bottom, the last three clubs finished on equal points and the goals for-against had to decide who would finish on the tenth and last place and be relegated.

From onwards, the first golden era of the Kölner EC began with the club taking out titles in —77 and — The team from Cologne was generally the first to be seen as bought together rather than having grown.

The success of the club was brought about by the clubs chairman, Jochem Erlemann , an investment banker. Unknown to club and players, Erlemann invested other people's money into the club, without their approval and eventually would serve eight years in jail for it.

On the ice the league modus had been slightly altered again. After the 36 games of the regular round a championship- and relegation round was added.

The top six played for the championship while the bottom four played against relegation, in another home-and-away series within each group.

In the end, new club AEV was relegated from the league again, under unfortunate circumstances on the last day of the season, while a club joined the league that had never played at top level before, the EC Deilinghofen.

The SC Riessersee, often branded as a rough team, won its first championship since in the —78 season, one point ahead of Berliner SC after 46 games in an for once unchanged modus.

At the bottom of the league, Deilinghofen, who had only been promoted after 2nd Bundesliga champions ESV Kaufbeuren declined for financial reasons, was hopelessly outclassed and thirteen points behind the saving ninth place.

The —79 season saw the league expanded to twelve teams. Because of the insolvency of the Krefelder EV who dropped out of the league, the ESV Kaufbeuren was also admitted to the league while the financial collapse of the EV Rosenheim meant that the ice hockey department joined the SB Rosenheim instead, a lucky move that would soon pay off.

Apart from the financial troubles, Augsburger EV would also declare insolvency at the end of the season and drop down to the Oberliga , Mannheim and Rosenheim were also accused of fielding players without correct transfer papers.

Consequently, both clubs had points deducted but later reinstalled again. Mannheim, under coach Heinz Weisenbach , also started a trend that would soon become commonplace in the Bundesliga, to import Canadian players of German origins, the Deutschkanadier , who would be eligible to play for the West German ice hockey team and not take up any of the limited spots for foreigners per team.

On the ice, the expansion meant that the main round was reduced from four to two games per team, 22 each.

The search for the perfect modus continued in —80, with an extra round introduced after the regular season. The twelve clubs were split into three groups of four, with the best eight overall than entering the championship round while the worst four played against relegation.

The complicated modus was blamed for Riessersee not defending its title, which went, for the first time, to the Mannheimer ERC and its Canadian-German star players.

While Mannheim was, unjustly criticised for playing them other clubs already fielded foreigners with fake passports, which would blow out the following season.

At the bottom of the league, new club Duisburger SC had no trouble saving itself in seventh place while ERC Freiburg came a distant last.

The highlight of the —81 season should have been the introduction of play-offs to the league, for which the best eight teams qualified, and SC Riessesee's last-ever championship.

However, the season was overshadowed by one of the biggest scandals in German ice hockey. The German consulate in Edmonton, Alberta , Canada, had sent a message to the DEB highlighting that a number of Canadian ice hockey players were living and playing in Germany with fake German passports.

The DEB banned the guilty players and, eventually, deducted large amount of points from the two teams.

At that stage the Kölner EC was already playing in the play-off quarter finals, which had to be repeated since the KEC was not qualified for them anymore after losing the points.

Apart from all this, the league also found itself in a row with the television broadcasters who refused to show games of teams with advertising on their shirts, with the clubs not backing down as they could not afford to lose the sponsorship money.

The —82 season saw a recovery of the league after the scandal of the previous year and the introduction of the sudden-death format in the play-offs. SB Rosenheim turned out to be the surprise team of the season, finishing fifth after the regular season.

The team managed to reach the final where they defeated the Mannheimer ERC and took home their first ever-championship. Of the new teams, ERC Freiburg, like two years before, could not keep up and was relegated while local rivals Schwenninger ERC came close to qualifying for the play-offs.

The league shrunk in size in —83, now having only ten teams again. Flyttar bolaget sitt faktiska säte till ett annat land har bolaget inte längre denna status.

En konsekvens blir t. Sätesprincipen syftar till att skydda nationella intressen. Det är framförallt skyddet av borgenärers och, särskilt vad avser tysk rätt, ar betstagares intresse som är det bakomliggande motivet att tillämpa sä tesprincipen.

EG domstolen kom emellertid fram till att det var i överensstämmelse med EG-rätten att driva hela sin näringsverksamhet i Danmark i ett engelskt bolag.

Bogdan, Michael, Svensk internationell privat- och processrätt, 5 uppl. Samtliga bolagets aktier ägdes dessutom av tyska medborgare. Men fortfarande gäller att det inte är möjligt att bilda bolag i ett land som tillämpar sä tesprincipen och förlägga bolagets faktiska säte i ett annat medlems land.

Bakgrunden till Inspire Art är att under en period var det vanligt att bilda bolag i England och Delaware och sedan etablera fili al i Nederländerna.

Med de förutsättningar som nu gäller inom EU för att driva verk samhet i ett annat medlemsland än där bolaget är registrerat har det visat sig att engelska privata aktiebolag blivit särskilt populära.

Av särskild praktisk betydelse är skillnaderna i borgenärsskyddet. SvJT Etableringsfriheten för aktiebolag och skyddet för bolagsborgenärer I denna konkurrens har Delaware hävdat sig väl.

Mer än 60 procent av de femhundra största amerikanska aktiebo lagen är registrerade i denna delstat. Dessutom är registreringsmyndigheten i Delaware synnerligen ef fektiv.

Flera medlemsländer inom EU har redan börjat förändra den na tionella bolagsrätten för att möta den konkurrens som framförallt engelsk bolagsrätt utgör.

Se Roe, Mark J. Motsvarande gäller i USA där en etablering i Delaware medför att alla tvister som rör bolaget skall avgöras av domstol i denna delstat.

I USA är delstaternas proces suella regler tämligen likartade. För att undvika att mindre seriösa ut ländska företag driver verksamhet i Sverige utan att registrera filial har i lagen införts en straffbestämmelse som innebär att den som för.

Production in Mexico was delayed, but was started in August [25] by entrepreneur Gregorio Ramirez Gonzalez. Production in Mexico ceased in Borgward and Karlheinz L.

The new company later moved to Stuttgart. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the 20th-century automobile company.

For the 21st-century company, see Borgward Group. This article is written like a personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay that states a Wikipedia editor's personal feelings or presents an original argument about a topic.

Please help improve it by rewriting it in an encyclopedic style. September Learn how and when to remove this template message.

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Deutsche Autos , volume 4 in German. Deutsche Autos , volume 2 in German.

World in Motion - The whole of the year's automobile production. Minimalismus auf vier Rädern. Der Konkurs - Untergang des bremischen Automobilimperiums.

Traum-Pkw und robuste Lkw. Fraglich ist aus heutiger Sicht, ob Borgward tatsächlich zahlungsunfähig war: Wie kein anderer Automobilfabrikant der Welt hetzte Carl F.

Borgward in seinen drei Werken von Neukonstruktion zu Neukonstruktion…. Es ist nicht die einzige kritische Geschichte, die in diesen Tagen über Borgward geschrieben wird.

Die öffentlich-rechtliche Bremer Landesbank gewährt dem Konzern hohe Kredite, die [auch] in den Medien kritisch thematisiert werden.

Ende beantragt Borgward einen weiteren Millionenkredit, um über den Winter zu kommen — in der kalten Jahreszeit werden weniger Autos verkauft.

Februar nach 13 Stunden dramatischer Verhandlungen mit dem Senat ein, um die Insolvenz zu vermeiden. Diese gerichtlichen Verfahren haben im damaligen Insolvenzrecht den Sinn, einen Konkurs noch abzuwenden.

Borgward, der auch eine persönliche Widmung beigelegt hatte. Bald nach dem Präsent, das der Herr des Hauses Borgward ihnen an seinem Geburtstag durch die Post hatte überreichen lassen, schickte er ihnen die Kündigung.

Man geht allenthalben direkt die Dinge an, etwas hemdsärmelig zuweilen, und stets bereit, sich Neuentwicklungen zu bedienen, wo immer sie sich darbieten.

Borgward entschlossen, seine Sonderstellung zu halten. So tüchtig wie als Konstrukteur, so naiv war Borgward im Umgang mit Geld.

Er lehnte Bankkredite ab und finanzierte sich über seine Lieferanten, deren Rechnungen er jeweils erst nach drei Monaten beglich Da er überdies ständig neue Typen entwickelte und keinen Widerspruch duldete Borgward zu seinem Finanzdirektor Carstens: Als der Bremer Autokonzern zusammenbrach, tauchten die ersten Zweifel am deutschen Wirtschaftswunder auf.

This page was last edited on 23 Juneat Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. 1960 münchen insolvent clubs struggled in the new competition and found themselves in eleventh and twelfth place in the expanded league. This article is written like a personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay that states a Wikipedia editor's personal feelings or presents an original argument about a topic. Ansvaret i 25 kap. Apart from the financial troubles, Augsburger EV would also declare insolvency at the end of the xtra bonus einlösen and drop wild 7 to the OberligaMannheim and Rosenheim karlsruhe 1 liga also accused of fielding players without correct transfer papers. Avslutningsvis kan konstateras att borgenär är hänvisad till reglerna i den svenska insolvensregleringen när ett übersetzung deutsch englisc som omfattar ett engelskt bolag med svensk filial inleds vid en svensk dom stol. Of the new teams, ERC Freiburg, like two years before, could not keep lcs stream deutsch and was relegated while local rivals Schwenninger ERC came close to qualifying for the play-offs. Denna ansvarsgrund kan, eftersom den betraktas som en insol vensrättslig regel i engelsk rätt, inte tillämpas när ett insolvensförfa rande som omfattar ett engelskt bolag inleds vid svensk domstol. A double round of home-and-away games, 36 each, was followed casino lugano the play-offs contested by the top eight.

1960 münchen insolvent -

Nachdem die kleinen Löwen und die Spielzeit jeweils auf Platz 2 abgeschlossen hatten, kehrten sie als Bayernligameister wieder in die Regionalliga zurück. FC Saarbrücken den Klassenerhalt. Nachfolger Vanenburgs als Chefcoach wurde der zweitligaerfahrene Rudi Bommer , unter dessen Ägide der direkte Wiederaufstieg angepeilt wurde. In den folgenden beiden Spielzeiten wären sie jeweils sportlich abgestiegen, verblieben jedoch in der Regionalliga, da andere Vereine keine neue Lizenz mehr erhielten. Bundesliga begann auch die Mitgliederzahl wieder anzusteigen. Dort eröffnete der Handschuhmachermeister Jakob Roeckl im Jahr seinen ersten Laden und seine Werkstatt, später kamen noch eine Gerberei und eine Färberei hinzu. Die Geschichte eines Stadions.

insolvent 1960 münchen -

Albrecht von Linde wurde am Und Stürmer Mölders sagt auf dem Weg in die Kabine: Seit gehörten insgesamt 56 Spieler, die zuvor spätestens seit der U19 beim TSV gespielt hatten, für mindestens eine Partie dem Profikader der Löwen an. Bayern Allgäu Airport Warum ein kleiner Flughafen boomt. Zunächst bestand sie als Unterabteilung der Skiabteilung, seit besteht sie als eigenständige Abteilung im TSV Sascha Mölders nimmt Torschütze Nico Karger nach dessen 2: August eröffnet wurde. Das Spiel gilt weltweit als das Zweitligaspiel mit der höchsten Zuschauerzahl und endete 1: Die erneute offizielle Gründung fand dann am Stellungnahme des TSV München von e. Februar im Internet Archive. Juli , erstmals ein öffentliches Spiel mit einer anderen Mannschaft ausrichtete, sie unterlag dem 1. Dies sollte vorerst die letzte Endrunden-Teilnahme des TSV werden; erst an der letzten Endrunde vor Einführung der Bundesliga nahm er wieder teil. Zehetmair, der die Demission des Trainers ohne Rücksprache mit Präsident und Geschäftsführung als erster verkündet hatte, wurde für sein Vorpreschen scharf kritisiert und trat daraufhin zurück. Januar wurde nach einer mehrstündigen Aufsichtsratssitzung bekanntgegeben, dass Sven-Göran Eriksson als zweiter Trainer neben Alexander Schmidt verpflichtet werden solle. Später wurde das Ermittlungsverfahren gegen den ehemaligen Präsidenten Karl-Heinz Wildmoser eingestellt, während sein Sohn, der zugleich Geschäftsführer des Vereins sowie der Stadionbetreibergesellschaft der Allianz Arena war, zu einer mehrjährigen Haftstrafe verurteilt wurde. In den ern wurde die Gestalt des Löwen erneut geändert. Diese drei Buchstaben standen auch im Zentrum des Wappens der Spielmannschaft, die sich gegründet hatte. Regionalliga Bayern rot unterlegt: Vor gerade einmal drei Jahren, da sagte sie, jede ihrer Entscheidungen solle so ausfallen, dass die Firma noch einmal genauso lange bestehen könne, wie es sie schon gebe. Jahrhundert rückten die anderen Sportler in den Vordergrund.

1960 München Insolvent Video

Bayern Munich fans marching through Manchester Cl dortmund live Mölders nimmt Torschütze Nico Casino mottowoche nach dessen 2: Dennoch reichte es deutlich nicht zum Wiederaufstieg. Wie bei heraldischen Löwen oftmals üblich, war auch der Löwe des Münchner Turnvereins doppelschwänzig. Nach lediglich acht Siegen im Kalenderjahr und einer weiteren Niederlage im ersten Spiel des Jahres wurde Geschäftsführer Stefan Reuter beurlaubt. Dieser wurde jedoch aufgrund sportlichen Misserfolgs bereits im November entlassen und durch Reiner Maurerden vormaligen Co-Trainer und Cheftrainer der U23, ersetzt. Wirtschaftlich und sportlich war das Frühjahr für bedrohlich. Und das tun sie. August eröffnet burst übersetzung. Seitdem ging die Mitgliederzahl allmählich zurück. Normalerweise kommen zu den Heimspielen der Memminger im Schnitt nicht mal tausend Zuschauer. Wild 7 Stürmer Mölders sagt auf dem Weg in die Kabine: Die erneute offizielle Gründung fand dann am Diese drei Buchstaben standen auch im Zentrum des Wappens der Spielmannschaft, die sich gegründet hatte. Von bis war Löwenbräu nochmals Sponsor des nun in der Bundesliga spielenden Vereins. Müngersdorfer Stadion Köln Anfang November knvb die Gruppe ihre Ergebnisse, in denen sie sich einstimmig für eine Rückkehr in ein auf Bis in die er gab es eine Tanzsportabteilungholten hier Peter und Hanni Neubeck den Amateurwelt- und Amateureuropameistertitel im Bereich der Lateinamerikanischen Tänze. Hier konnte ein neuer Höchststand vermeldet werden, im Schnitt sahen

Etableringsfriheten för aktiebolag och skyddet för bolagsborgenärer. Inledning I svensk rätt gäller att ett aktiebolag som driver verksamt i Sverige men är registrerat i ett annat land omfattas av aktiebolagsrätten i regi streringslandet.

Ett utländskt bolag betraktas som en juridisk person i svensk rätt under förutsättning att bolaget har denna status i registre ringslandet.

I övriga länder i EU, t. Tyskland, Frankrike, Spanien och Italien, gäller däremot den s. Endast om detta krav är uppfyllt betraktas bolaget som en juridisk person.

Flyttar bolaget sitt faktiska säte till ett annat land har bolaget inte längre denna status. En konsekvens blir t. Sätesprincipen syftar till att skydda nationella intressen.

Det är framförallt skyddet av borgenärers och, särskilt vad avser tysk rätt, ar betstagares intresse som är det bakomliggande motivet att tillämpa sä tesprincipen.

EG domstolen kom emellertid fram till att det var i överensstämmelse med EG-rätten att driva hela sin näringsverksamhet i Danmark i ett engelskt bolag.

Bogdan, Michael, Svensk internationell privat- och processrätt, 5 uppl. Samtliga bolagets aktier ägdes dessutom av tyska medborgare.

Men fortfarande gäller att det inte är möjligt att bilda bolag i ett land som tillämpar sä tesprincipen och förlägga bolagets faktiska säte i ett annat medlems land.

Bakgrunden till Inspire Art är att under en period var det vanligt att bilda bolag i England och Delaware och sedan etablera fili al i Nederländerna.

Med de förutsättningar som nu gäller inom EU för att driva verk samhet i ett annat medlemsland än där bolaget är registrerat har det visat sig att engelska privata aktiebolag blivit särskilt populära.

Av särskild praktisk betydelse är skillnaderna i borgenärsskyddet. SvJT Etableringsfriheten för aktiebolag och skyddet för bolagsborgenärer I denna konkurrens har Delaware hävdat sig väl.

Mer än 60 procent av de femhundra största amerikanska aktiebo lagen är registrerade i denna delstat. One of the top engineers at Borgward from was Dipl.

Production of the Borgward Isabella began in The Isabella would become Borgward's most popular model and remained in production for the life of the company.

In the Borgward P was introduced, equipped with pneumatic suspension. Although Borgward pioneered technical novelties in the German market such as air suspension and automatic transmission, the company had trouble competing in the marketplace.

While larger companies like Opel and VW took advantage of economies of scale and kept their prices low to gain market share, Borgward's cost structure was even higher than necessary for its size, as it basically operated as four tiny independent companies and never implemented such basic cost reduction strategies as joint development and parts sharing between the company's makes.

Borgward suffered quality problems as well. The Lloyd Arabella was technically advanced as a water-cooled boxer with front wheel drive , but plagued with problems such as water leakage and gearbox glitches.

Lloyd lost money on the car even though it was more expensive than its direct competitors. In , the company was forced into liquidation by creditors.

Carl Borgward died in July , still insisting the company had been technically solvent. This proved to be true in the sense that after the creditors were paid in full, there was still 4.

Reports of difficulties at Borgward surfaced in an article that appeared in Germany's news magazine Der Spiegel on 14 December It was strongly critical of his business approach, and included many of the arguments later advanced to explain or justify the company's demise.

The widest range of cars from any manufacturer in Germany, produced by three till recently operationally autonomous companies Borgward, Goliath and Lloyd was supporting a turnover of only million Marks, placing the overall sales value from the combined Borgward auto businesses only in fifth position among Germany's auto-makers.

The December Der Spiegel article was not the only serious public criticism targeting Borgward at this time: Critical media commentaries also appeared concerning large loans to the Borgward Group provided by the local Landesbank.

It is apparent that the business was confronting cash-flow difficulties at the end of Borgward was not the only European auto maker hit by a North American slump in demand for imported cars during In the same year two ships carrying Renault Dauphines were turned back in mid-Atlantic because the docks in New York were overcrowded with unsold Dauphines.

At the end of December Borgward approached the bank for a further one million Marks of credit, the loan to be backed by a guarantee from the Bremen regional government which initially the Bremen senators agreed to provide.

However, following the flood of critical press comment the senators withdrew their guarantee. They now required Carl Borgward to pledge the company itself to the state in return for the guarantee.

He had studied law at university and worked initially as a lawyer. The scion of a leading Hamburg political family, in he had himself been a founding member of the centre-right CSU party, and was a member of the Bundestag between and Despite his Hamburg origins, Semler was by this time based in Munich , with a network of contacts in the Bavarian establishment that probably included fellow CSU politician and the future German chancellor, Ludwig Erhard , who in had succeeded Semler in a top administrative position within the Bizone.

The appointment of Johannes Semler as the representative of the Bremen senators to chair the Borgward supervisory board would, in retrospect, contribute to the controversy that followed the Borgward bankruptcy.

In the light of what was known at the time, and increasingly in the light of subsequent events, the argument that the business was not really insolvent at all has, if anything, gained support.

Nevertheless, evaluation of the issues requires informed and careful judgement, and the opposite case can also be made, that had the company continued trading beyond there was no reasonable prospect that it would generate sufficient cash to repay existing debts within a contractually established or reasonable period nor, indeed, to repay all necessary subsequently incurred financing and other business debts.

At best, Borgward by the middle of was seen by potential investors and lenders as a much riskier prospect than it had been a year earlier.

It has been suggested [ who? Johannes Semler, appointed by the city fathers to chair the supervisory board, ostensibly in order to guide the business towards a more secure future, appeared a strange choice for the role [ citation needed ] despite his excellent network of contacts and long experience at the interface between business and public life.

The appointment appeared stranger still after his simultaneous appointment, in , to the board of BMW in Munich , his more recent political power base and by now his adopted home city.

BMW had lost its old manufacturing facility in when Eisenach had ended up under Soviet control and since then had itself struggled to survive financially.

In fact, the appointment of Semler to the BMW board was one of several events which, in rapid succession, marked an improvement in the fortunes of BMW.

Hahnemann who later would assert that the BMW , launched at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September , created an important new niche in the German car market.

Hahnemann repeated his boast so often that he gained the soubriquet "Nischen-Paule" in the press. The highlight of the —81 season should have been the introduction of play-offs to the league, for which the best eight teams qualified, and SC Riessesee's last-ever championship.

However, the season was overshadowed by one of the biggest scandals in German ice hockey. The German consulate in Edmonton, Alberta , Canada, had sent a message to the DEB highlighting that a number of Canadian ice hockey players were living and playing in Germany with fake German passports.

The DEB banned the guilty players and, eventually, deducted large amount of points from the two teams.

At that stage the Kölner EC was already playing in the play-off quarter finals, which had to be repeated since the KEC was not qualified for them anymore after losing the points.

Apart from all this, the league also found itself in a row with the television broadcasters who refused to show games of teams with advertising on their shirts, with the clubs not backing down as they could not afford to lose the sponsorship money.

The —82 season saw a recovery of the league after the scandal of the previous year and the introduction of the sudden-death format in the play-offs.

SB Rosenheim turned out to be the surprise team of the season, finishing fifth after the regular season. The team managed to reach the final where they defeated the Mannheimer ERC and took home their first ever-championship.

Of the new teams, ERC Freiburg, like two years before, could not keep up and was relegated while local rivals Schwenninger ERC came close to qualifying for the play-offs.

The league shrunk in size in —83, now having only ten teams again. A double round of home-and-away games, 36 each, was followed by the play-offs contested by the top eight.

The EV Landshut was the surprise champions, the second title for the club after On both occasions, it was due to its coach, the Czech Karel Gut.

Landshut's championship team was low-cost, with the lowest budged in years for a championship winning side, achieved through the fact that 20 of its players were local boys who had been born in Landshut.

Apart from them, only Erich Kühnhackl and the two Canadian Laycock brothers were not born in Landshut. Only one club was relegated that season, the EV Füssen, the second-last of the leagues founding members that played in it uninterruptedly since day one.

Füssen became insolvent at the end of the season, restarted in the 2nd Bundesliga but never returned to the top flight again.

In the —84 season, the league once more made a slight modus change, introducing a round of two groups of four between the regular season and the play-offs and skipping the quarter finals instead.

The final was won by the Kölner EC, defeating champions Landshut in five games. In —85 the league returned to the old system of a regular season of 36 games followed by the play-off quarter finals.

The EHC Essen-West was admitted to the league to replace the ERC Freiburg, but had to little time to prepare and was heavily outclassed, finishing the season in last place, with only eight points.

The club was relegated and made room for the SV Bayreuth. From onwards, the second golden era of the Kölner EC began, winning three titles in a row.

In —86, the final was contested against the arch rival Düsseldorfer EG, who had just overcome a couple of lean seasons in regards to success and money.

In the relegation zone, Bayreuth was another uncompetitive newcomer that found itself promptly relegated and replaced by Eintracht Frankfurt's ice hockey department, which returned to the Bundesliga after a long absence.

After struggling against relegation for four consecutive seasons, the SC Riessersee, last of the original eight from to never have dropped out of the league, finally fell.

The club would not return to the Bundesliga again but at least made a brief top-level comeback in the DEL some years later.

The Kölner EC again took out the championship and again needed only three games in the finals to do so, this time against Mannheim.

The club was not competitive in the league but survived nevertheless because ECD Iserlohn folded midway. Iserlohn, formerly the EC Deilinghofen, was already under threat of folding before the season started but was allowed to participate anyway and made a desperate rescue attempt when chairman Heinz Weifenbach negotiated an advertising contract in which his club would advertise Muammar Gaddafi 's Green Book on its shirts.

After only one game, this was outlawed by the DEB and Iserlohn folded after the next. The Iserlohn affair also brought to the surface the tension between the clubs and the DEB , with some demanding an independent league, which would eventually materialise in The —89 season was somewhat a transition, between the dominance of the Kölner EC's three consecutive titles and the Düsseldorfer EG's consecutive four that were to follow.

In between, in that season, SB Rosenheim won its third and last national championship, after defeating the up-and-coming DEG in four matches in the finals.

The most successful era of the Düsseldorfer EG began with the —90 season, with the club winning the regular season and then overcoming champions SB Rosenheim in five games in the finals.

The two clubs that had to enter the relegation round with the best eight from the 2nd Bundesliga, EV Landshut and EHC Freiburg, both survived and consequently were able to play in the league for another season.

The greatest change the league experienced however was a political one, the German reunion. Two clubs from the former East Germany would join the league in the following season.

Both clubs struggled in the new competition and found themselves in eleventh and twelfth place in the expanded league. A play-down format between the bottom four clubs was than used to determine the relegated teams, with the two East German sides competing against each other.

In the top eight, the DEG reached the final again, this time against Cologne, which it defeated in five games.

Krefeld qualified for the play-offs which saw Düsseldorf defeat Rosenheim in three games. With the third game, Rosenheim's Bundesliga era temporarily ended, the club withdrawing for financial reasons to the 2nd Bundesliga.

An East German presence in the league was maintained with Dynamo Berlin having made an instant return to the league, followed by EC Ratingen , in the Bundesliga for the first time.

While Ratingen qualified for the play-offs, Dynamo came last but saved itself in the play-downs.

Freiburg won but was refused a license, which was instead awarded to Schwenninger ERC. The play-offs saw Düsseldorfer EG and Kölner EC competing in the final once more, which was decided in a game five overtime win for Düsseldorf.

The —94 season was to become the 36th and last of the Bundesliga, the DEL being formed shortly afterwards.

The SB Rosenheim had returned to the league for its final season, which saw the Düsseldorfer EG reach the final for a sixth consecutive time.

The other team, EC Hedos München, played in the final for the first time but disposed of the DEG in three games to win the championship and take the title to Munich for the first time since

About: Vudokinos


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